This is my blog on warfare during the centuries gone. I will be presenting the reconstructions of historical battles and warriors based on historical sources: written, iconographical and on preserved pieces of arms and armor. I am going to follow current discoveries in military archaeology and history of warfare in order to make my reconstructions fresh and updated.

My blog is not focused on any specific time or place- you will find there warriors of different places and time. I hope you will enjoy my historical artwork.

wtorek, 5 maja 2015

Before the battle of al-Qadisiyyah 636

     The plate is showing late Sasanian commander-in-chief with two high ranking officers. The main personage is sitting on the throne placed on top of the elephant as was described in the sources of the battle of Qadissiyah. He is armored with three layers of armor – the habit described in the same sources. It is not certain whether description regarded layers of chain-mail or different types of protective materials. Also old-Turkic archaeological material (Late Sasanian era was showing extensive exchange between Persian and Turkic worlds) attests Both options seem plausible however combination of various modes of protection is attested since early Sasanian period. The personage wears apezak (chest harness), korymboi (silk balls on the shoulders) and decorative ribbons. The former two might be the part of royal insignia but given the comparable equipment in India and Byzantine Empire it seems that they were the designation of command rank rather than exclusively royal kit. The ribbons were the mark of high status, sometimes given by the kings to their warriors excelled in bravery and other merit. The personage has the archery equipment and sword of old type. As someone not expected to participate in combat he was likely to have the equipment used successfully by his ancestors.
The  gear of two horsemen is based on the late Sasanian iconography and shows strong Turkic influence clearly visible in the P-shaped sheaths suspensions and hour-glass quivers. The horse armor of the warriors follows the patterns represented on the spahbedan seals supplemented by the Turkic designs reconstructed by Gorburnov. The armor of the rider on the right is an attempt to reconstruct personal protective equipment from the spahbedan seals, the rider on the left wears the gear from famous Taq e Bostan frieze. Green ribbons of the rider on the left are the mark Mihran clan and designate the leader of Mihran contingent while the red ribbons of the warrior on the rider on the right associate with artesharan class color and may designate arteshtaransalar i.e. the leader of the warriors being high officer rank which by the late Sasanian time had either been extinct or had purely honorific meaning.

first publication: Desperta Ferro n 24

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